Truxmore Industries
Buffalo, New York and Richmond, Virginia
By Eric Voytko

Truxmore Pakker

1960 Truxmore Pakker (23 cubic yard) on GMC LCF chassis

    Truck Equipment Company of Buffalo, New York introduced the Truxmore Pakker body in 1960. This barrel truck was initially available in 18 and 23 cubic yard capacities, with bubble tailgates. The Pakker was the first American barrel truck to feature a hydraulically powered packer plate, having arrived a full year ahead hydraulic versions from its competitors, Pak-Mor and Seal-Press.

    Truck Equipment Company had been in business since 1921, and was famous mainly for their Truxmore "third axle" sets that increased the load capacity of two-axle trucks. Their Richmond, Virginia office had been a Pak-Mor distributor during the 1950's, and thus had a well established refuse body sales operation. During the 1960's, they would help make the Truxmore Pakker one of the most popular bodies in the southeast United States. The Richmond branch would also later become involved with manufacturing a well. The simple but rugged circular packer was priced lower than rear loaders, but packed an awesome payload with its hydraulic power. 600-700 pounds per cubic yard was the advertised figure, and it delivered. Bulk objects that would stop some rear loaders were swallowed whole and crushed in the Truxmore, and full ejection unloading was a huge selling point, since ejection rear loaders were almost non-existant at the time.

Early model Pakker; note reeving hoist & chain at right front of body, which was used for blade retraction

    The first version Truxmore Pakker (1960-62) used an angle mounted, single acting telescopic cylinder to power the packing blade. The big end was pivotally mounted to the upper front of the body, while the small end was affixed to the lower portion of the packer panel. The panel was guided by dual-rail roller tracks on the floor, assisted by a large upper guide rail attached to the inside top of the body. Fluid pumped into the big end of the cylinder caused the sections to expand, moving the plate against the load. Since the single-acting cylinder had no built-in means of retracting, a small ram attached to a reeving hoist and chain was used to withdraw the packer plate to the front of the body. To be sure, this was an unusual arrangement, and the patent application stated that the reason for this design was for a rapid return of the panel, resulting in a shortened packing cycle. As is apparent, side loaders of this type have no 'reload time', which is to say that no refuse may be added to the hopper until the entire packing cycle (including retraction) has been completed.

Furniture is easily loaded, and reduced to splinters by the powerful packing blade

    The bubble tailgate was hydraulically powered, and a wheel-controlled remote latch release helped prevent injuries by keeping men away from the back end during the unloading process. The tapered shape of the tailgate also assisted in more uniform loading of the body. It worked in conjunction with the angled face of the packer panel to force refuse upward, reducing air pockets in the body.

Early model Truxmore container loader. Note the wheel on the body, which operates the tailgate latches remotely

    An all-hydraulic container hoist was offered from the beginning, allowing side pickup of containers of from one to four cubic yards capacity. A loading door on the side of the body opposite the hoist allowed for manual loading when needed.

The Next Generation Pakker (1963)

1960 Truxmore Pakker (23 cubic yard) on GMC LCF chassis

    For 1963, the single acting telescopic packer ram was replaced with a double-acting type. This eliminated the need for the reeving hoist retraction mechanism, greatly simplifying this excellent design. The packing cylinder was angle-mounted as before, but the big end was now mounted to the blade, with the most powerful stage going into action last. Sectional overlap, critical for seal longevity on telescopic rams, was over two times the minimum design requirement, for a total of 65 inches.

    Two new body sizes were added to the Pakker line up; a compact 14 yard version, and a massive 32 yarder, ideally suited for big-volume container routes. In later years, a 27 yard version would also be offered.

The new style packer plate and ram. Note the serrated load-stays on body floor and ceiling

The "Big 32" arrived for 1963, utilizing the redesigned cylinder and blade.

A 23 yarder owned by a New Jersey municipality pushes out its load at the incinerator

Certain types of refuse would emerge from a Truxmore as a near-solid core!

'Blade's eye' view shows the simple plumbing and hoses of this clean design

Truxmore: 1965 to the 1980s

Container loader remained popular, and hopper opening was widened during 1960's

    Truxmore Pakkers remained virtually unchanged from 1963 through the 1980's, when they were absorbed by Rand Automated Compaction Systems of Raleigh, North Carolina. Rand continued production of the Pakker (re-badged as the Rand Classic) for a short time, but its thirty-plus year history was abruptly ended when Rand folded in the early 1990's. Some other models and accessories are shown on this page.

This was the first Truxmore leaf loader from 1961. Due in part to the location of the packer blade,
return mechanism on early Pakker models, the vacuum was mounted over the cab

The revamped '63-and-up models had more room behind the packer panel, and here we see
the vacuum has been 'shoe-horned' into that dead space

Eventually, the need for larger impeller blades dictated situating the vacuum on the truck frame, between the cab and body.
The 27 yarder on the right has had its vac assembly removed

At left, a V-4 Wisconsin engine option for packing "on-the-go". At right is Truxmore's version of the train system for residential collection.
A "mother" truck would empty the containers after crews had filled them

Truxmore containers, available in six sizes, from 1-4 cubic yards, were once a familiar site in the eastern United States

The "Tecorp 10" (short for Truck Equipment Corp) filled in the gaps for scattered and rural routes, or restricted spaces. When the company changed its name to Truxmore Industries in 1972, it became known as the Truxmore 10

The "Truxmore 15" was introduced in the 1970s, an attempt to market a 'one-man operation' truck. It is noteworthy in that unlike all other Truxmores, it used a horizontally mounted packing cylinder

27-yard Pakker with container attachment at the Richmond factory

27-yard Truxmore Pakker on a hand-loaded residential route via Pete DeRose. During the 1970s and 1980s, these were among the largest packers around,
and were far cheaper and easier to maintain than a rear loader. With a 600 lbs+ per cubic yard capability, they were popular with small independents and
municipal outfits as well. The downside was loading height, and with the panels raised at the end of the load, it was akin to working on an old open bodied truck.

4/5/09 (Updated 3/26/17)

© 2009 Eric Voytko
All Rights Reserved
Photos from factory brochures/advertisements except as noted
Logos shown are the trademarks of respective manufacturers