(November 20, 2016)
    After a short delay, the LODAL album is now complete. There are four chapters with 53 images total. I would like to thank Dana Gregory for supplying a wealth of information on the 1968 & up time period, especially since there really wasn't much history on Lodal available. At last, they now have a proper album here at CRT. Lodal is truly an innovative and interesting company; along with Dennis and Shelvoke & Drewry, they are one of a handful of companies to produce complete refuse vehicles, and would appear to be the only one still doing so. Consider that both the Lodal EVO and the Gar Wood T-100 were unibody refuse vehicles conceived in the mid 1960s. Gar Wood collapsed five years after the T-100 was introduced, while Lodal has been making the EVO for almost fifty years straight.




(October 30, 2016)
    I've added the first installment of an updated LODAL album, replacing the original dating to 2004. Unfortunately, I didn't have time to finish it, but I've posted the first two chapters today. There will probably be two more, coming next week. When finished, this will complete the H-L section of the Refuse Body Database.




(October 23, 2016)
    The unidentified "German Dennis Paxit" (see video below, October 9) is most likely an Ochsner from Austria, or a license-built model from a German company. Dana Gregory recognized the body panels, which are strikingly similar to Ochsner units of the period, and the fact that Dennis had always built their Paxit under license from Ochsner. Additionally, the elevating-hopper Ochsner KS-2 was known in England as the Dennis Bulkmaster.


Ochsner KS-4 Europacker

    The "inverted drawer" type packer used by the truck in the video (as wells the Paxit) was one of the most popular types in the Europe, both before and after World War II, and Ochsners competed with Fernand Rey's SEMAT (France) during these years. Both Rey and Ochsner licensed their patents widely, but by the 1980s, this type of packer was practically obsolete. This is what makes the truck in the video so interesting, for it is either an older unit still on the job after a long life, or a low-compaction "economy" model still being produced in small numbers. In addition to the KS-2, Ochsner also had the KS-4 Europacker at the time, which was a much more conventional slide-sweep model. Ochsner was ultimately absorbed by FAUN, and has in recent years produced a version of the LP-900/Europress/Powerpress packers.

    I'm sorry for the lack of new pages, but I've had to TCB recently and simply had too little time...I hope to get some new stuff up next week.


(October 9, 2016)
    Please check out this video submitted by Henning Hiestermann and see if you can identify this truck (it first appears at the 22:45 mark). Looks like a 1970s Dennis Paxit Ejector tailgate with a German-built aluminum panel body. Possibly a KuKA or Schörling model?




(October 2, 2016)
    New pages for Krupp, KSTC, Labrie, Laird, Lambretta, Lewin, Liftainer and Little Giant.

(see BODY DATABASE on the left-hand control panel of this page)

    From what I can gather through patent and literature, it would appear that Krupp has the distinction of fielding the world's first commercially-viable refuse packer, and I have stated this in the new Krupp page here at CRT. Self-loading vehicles without compaction are another matter, and there is still some uncertainty in that broader category. However, Krupp meets the criteria of loading refuse, and compacting it within an enclosed body. This assumes that Krupp had units on the streets in 1921, the year of the patent. I personally believe this is highly likely, if only in small numbers. It is possible that bodies were not fully enclosed at first, which would then not be true compactors. However, by 1926 they are documented as being in use in Essen, with enclosed bodies. Even if we accept this later date, this is still earlier than the designs of Rey and KUKA.

    The fact that Krupps were auger-screw types, and not hydraulic powered is irrelevant to history, and the concept has proven itself over decades of use in refuse collection in Europe, and occasionally the United States. As the home page photo proves, even the DSNY had at least one in 1927, a full ten years before their first escalator-loaders (which themselves were not compactors). The question becomes, why was the Krupp not fully adopted by the DSNY? They were quite popular in Germany over many decades. Perhaps service support for an imported body in the USA at that time may have been a problem. However, it is far more likely that it was simply the expense of owning mechanized refuse equipment, at time when labor was cheap and plentiful.

VIDEOS
    When this started in 2004, YouTube had barely begun, and I recall thither were only two or three refuse truck videos being circulated at that time! There are now so many refuse truck videos on YouTube that they are immeasurable, and I for one am grateful to all of you who have supplied us with enough footage that you can watch them like a regular TV network! Recently two videos caught my attention as particularly noteworthy.

    The first is this 20-yard Heil 5000 on a cardboard route. The Paint scheme on this truck is so appealing, that at first I didn't notice it was a 1st generation Formula 5000 body, made between 1980 and 1985. They can be spotted by the sweep panel, which does not open as far as the later models (just like the Gar Wood 900 on which it was based). Inexplicably, this truck has the later-style packer controls, which are still used on the current DPF-bodied 5000's (withe the chrome handle tips). The earlier models had single or dual handles with bicycle-type hand grips. In any case, this is the first time I've seen a an early Formula 5000 on video!


Video by West Coast Refuse Trucks

    The other video is more sentimental, and is a 1994 Mack MR with an E-Z Pack Goliath rib-side body. This truck looks exactly the like 1984 Mack/Goliath I worked on at Best Refuse many years ago. In 1986, the Goliath seemed to me like the Space Shuttle of refuse trucks, with its futuristic styling, cavernous hopper and power-lock tailgate (the first one I ever saw on a rear loader). The truck in this video was owned by Karl's Hauling, of Tiffin, Ohio, which was recently bought by Republic. These rib-side Goliaths are dwindling in numbers, so its nice to see some of them being preserved on video.


Video by rws676


(September 25, 2016)
    I am happy to report that I have added two more classic trucks to the restored preserved list. First up, Sjef van Lierop sent some pictures of a restored 1968 DAF 1900 residing in the DAF Museum, and sporting a large KUKA Shark body. There are quite a few restored Sharks in Europe, many of which can be seen in the Bremen 2001 page (also located in the restored/preserved albums gallery).

    Still working, but looking almost like a restored truck is the 1986 E-Z Pack FLHC owned by P.H. Waste Collection of Miami. Alan Blanchard sent along a great video, which he believes is the only one currently available anywhere showing the "Flex-Arm" system in action, and I concur; as far as I know, this is the first action shot of this lift arm system ever posted anywhere. We are indebted to Lenny at P.H. Waste, who owns this one (as well as two spares) for taking the time to give us a demo.

CORRECTION
    One of the nice things about online journals is the fact that errors are not permanently enshrined in print. Such was the case with my June 24, 2016 post regarding what I called "FAUN" side & aft tippers, used in Germany. While looking for information on another German brand (Krupp), I happened upon the true identity of these novel circular bodies. According to two articles published in Commercial Motor in 1928, these were in fact made by Schmidt & Melmer of Weidenau. A great many seem to have been fitted to FAUN chassis, which probably accounts for the confusion. Schmidt & Melmer was a long-time sheet steel producer, and got into making refuse cans and a "dustless" collection shutter which was evidently the most popular in Germany prior to Word War II. The rolling body (equipped with SM dustless shutters) was patented by Heinrich Neuy of Hamburg, a city which operated a large fleet of these vehicles. Schmidt had their own patent for a fore & aft tipper, which is believed to have been built also.



    As a result of this error, the June 24 post, with its FAUN references, has been completely removed from this page, so as not to cause any confusion to anyone using this site for research. All of the pictures, and the wonderful 1928 demo film, have been "rolled-in" (pun intended!) to a new Schmidt & Melmer album here at CRT. There is only one new image, but the text is completely revised, and the page includes footnotes and patent links. If anyone has any more information or photos of these, they would be most welcome. Verifying all of this information and correcting the site was time consuming, so unfortunately I have no other new pages this weekend.

(September 18, 2016)
    New pages for Lacre and Laffly. Lacre features 7 new images, and 7 previously posted here at CRT. Laffly produced an interesting but short-lived version of the Reyloader body. Hydraulic, pendulum-packer body available on a battery-electric cabover truck was pretty advanced stuff for 1948!

(see BODY DATABASE on the left-hand control panel of this page)



(September 11, 2016)
    New pages for La Lilloise, Loosen, and Brown Industrial which was omitted during the B's. The latter two companies make rendering/food waste bodies.

(see BODY DATABASE on the left-hand control panel of this page)


(September 4, 2016)
    New page for Load Lugger by Brooks Equipment & Mfg. of Knoxville, Tennessee (1937-1961). This was going to go in the Heil album, but Load Lugger was a independent company for 17 years before being sold to Borg Warner, and then to Heil. Furthermore, Load Lugger is of historical significance in its own right. Click here to go directly to the album.



    The H-L section of the Refuse Body Database has been particularly difficult to complete. I will probably do the smaller companies this week, and try to tackle Krupp, Labrie and Lodal later.


(August 29, 2016)
    Six new entries in the Unsolved Mysteries page, photos that have been sold on Ebay.

(see UNSOLVED MYSTERIES on the left-hand control panel of this page)

(August 28, 2016)
    New pages for Kliko, Knight, Kobit, Kommash, Köpf, Kraus, Kronenburg, and Kyokuto. KSG album now split from Gar Wood.

(see BODY DATABASE on the left-hand control panel of this page)


1974 Knight Red Ram refuse collector


(August 21, 2016)
    New pages for Jaeger, Jumping Bean, K-PAC, Kann and Kaoussis.

(see BODY DATABASE on the left-hand control panel of this page)

1973 Jumping Bean prototype


(August 7, 2016)
    New pages for Hykap, Industrial Tool & Die, IGSA, Inco-Mol, Inpak and Inuzuka.

(see BODY DATABASE on the left-hand control panel of this page)
(August 6, 2016)
    New pages for Hfaistos Stefanou, HKM, Holmes-Owen and Huffermann.

(see BODY DATABASE on the left-hand control panel of this page)

(July 16, 2016)
    New additions to the CRT Collectors Corner. Anthony Ricchio submitted photos of several of his scratch-built bodies, mounted on First-Gear model chassis. Featured are a Pak-Mor 200 real loader, Leach 2-R Packmaster and Sanicruiser, Palfinger loader, container carrier and a semi-trailer roll-off. A nice variety of bodies not typically seen, especially the Pak-Mor and Sanicruiser.

(click the COLLECTORS CORNER button on the left-hand control panel of this page)





(July 4, 2016)
    New pages for Hesston, Martco and Val-Jac, the three companies that built the Pak-Rat rear loader.

(see BODY DATABASE on the left-hand control panel of this page)





(July 2, 2016)
    At long last, part one of an all new Heil album is now online here at CRT. Covering the founding of the company through the 1960 Mark II Colectomatic, the reader will enjoy a tour of every significant refuse truck development from Heil during these turbulent but formative years. Probably the most recognized name in refuse collection equipment around the world today, there were many twists and turns along Heil's path to success. Indeed, refuse trucks were almost a "side line" for Heil during the early years. The company became world famous for its tank bodies, added hoists and dump bodies, construction equipment and even home climate control products as it grew prior to World War II. Their acquisition of Colecto in the late 1930s helped their standing in the field, but it was the modern post-war Colectomatic rear loader that changed things for Heil, and from there the company never looked back.




    This history also covers the Heil Conveyor loaders, their first in-house design and a design which saw limited regional success. Of course, Heil was a major contract supplier of the DSNY-designed conveyor-loaders at the same time, which was covered previously here in the Gar Wood album. Since the two companies share this history, chapter 4 of the Heil album is merely a repeat and contains no new material. Also included is ATIA, which was not a Heil company, but was integral to the early history of the industry and their rival Colecto, which was involved with Heil. Both the ATIA and Colecto chapters will appear in identical form as "stand alone" albums in the CRT Refuse Body Database.

    Unfortunately, part 2 of the Heil story had to be delayed. The early part took longer than expected, and I felt it would be better to post what was completed immediately, rather waiting; there has been no proper Heil album here at CRT since 2013, which is far too long. The second part should go much quicker, having taken place in the modern era, when Heil products were better known and publicized. In the interim, I intend to continue for a while past the letter "H" in the CRT Database, posting some smaller albums to fill in where I left off last fall.

THE KELLY LOADER: AMERICA'S FIRST REFUSE TRUCK?
    In my quest for information about conveyor loaders, I revisited a patent filed by one John Kelly of Massachusetts in 1909. Kelly's patent was for a chain conveyor loader, designed to be mounted on a motor truck, to load dirt or refuse. If this machine was actually built (and not just patented), it would be perhaps the very first mechanized refuse collection body in the US, and maybe the world! This rear-loading conveyor was the inspiration for the Automatic Loader (1930), DSNY Conveyor (1937) and Heil Conveyor (1938), and is cited in several of those patents.



    As of this writing, there is no positive proof that Kelly's conveyor was anything more than an idea. The motor truck itself was in its infancy, and trade journals of that time were practically nonexistent. Tracing the life of John Kelly is not easy; he lived in Jamaica Plain, a suburb of Boston, a stronghold of Irish immigration. His family name is among the most common in that part of the country. However, if Kelly did indeed build his loader (and I believe that he must have), there is a strong possibility that it was at least tried by Boston sanitary authorities.

    Because of the significance of John Kelly's loader, I am going to add it to the CRT Refuse Body Database, with the provision that it is only known to be a patent at this time. Hopefully, conclusive proof of its existence will surface in the future.


(May 29, 2016)
    A cool video link sent in by Zachary Geroux. This is film made by Dempster, showing how the Dumpster box system was used in the City of Baltimore in the market districts and in housing projects. It is in amazing color, so we see these trucks in all their glory. There are a few Gar Wood Load-Packers present as well, both in the landfill scenes and during a demonstration at an elementary school.



    This film dates to approximately 1949, the year that Commissioner William Fannon (who appears in the film) wrote an article on the subject for American City Magazine. The Dempster Dumpster system enjoyed decades of popularity, even after the Dumpmaster front loader arrived on the scene. I can well remember them from the 1970s, being used for newspaper recycling drop-boxes, among their many uses. There remains a core market for them even today, and the Dempster family is still building them in Knoxville.

THE HEIL COMPANY

    The photo above shows me fact-checking with Illinois refuse collectors for the upcoming Heil article, after having travelled back through time. Seriously, the long overdue Heil album is not complete, but I have decided to release the first installment by July 4th, and possibly even much sooner. This will cover the Heil story from 1901 through the Colectmatic Mark II (roughly 1962) in ten chapters. I am sure enthusiasts will enjoy reading this one as much as I've enjoyed writing it, and there are close to 100 images, some of them rare and only recently discovered.

    I thank you for your patience, but this is a huge company that has been been making refuse bodies for almost a century now. Information on business actives prior to WWII is hard to come by, and a few surprises discovered along the way consumed much time. The rest of the Heil story, post-1960, should go faster, and will cover Load-Lugger through the present day. I may do some smaller albums over the summer, to continue filling in the CRT Refuse Body Database.


(May 16, 2016)
    New page for C-E Air Preheater (1 image of license-built Universal Handling FL). Updated existing pages for the following: Bynal (added Roll-Off and stationary packer), Fastpack (4 new images) and Cleburne (5 new images of a 1971 Ranger RL). The latter two entries from the Dana Gregory Collection, with many thanks!

(see BODY DATABASE on the left-hand control panel of this page)





(May 8, 2016)
    Added new pages for Howard Porter and Kaisis Motor Company, from items seen on eBay. The former was the Australian Licensee for the Kyokuto Press Pack rear loader, while KMC built a Cypriot version of the SD Revopak. By special request, I've also created a page for the Stratton Equipment Company, which made loading platform attachments for open dump trucks beginning in the 1940s. This was a novel device which took the strain out of loading 10' tall bodies, although OSHA would definitely never allow it today. There strongest market seems to have been in the Chicago area.
(see BODY DATABASE on the left-hand control panel of this page)




    Shown below is a nice 1971 shop photo sent in by Ronnie Keshishian. This Atlas Refuse Disposal of Harvey, Illinois. These are 20-yard 2-R Packmasters, which are kind of rare. Also unusual is seeing these big packers on the International Loadstar chassis, as they were more commonly seen on heavier IH Fleetstars, Whites or Macks.




    Check out the Flickr page of Giorgos Kollias who wrote in from Greece regarding and unknown Greek version of the SITA 6000 paddle packer. There does appear to be a badge visible on the back in one photo, but I can not identify it. Please write in if you know what make this is:

Giorgio's Flickr page

    From Dylan Baranski, a new refuse truck on film has been sighted. It is in Terminator: Genisys (2015), and is a re-creation of the front loader scene in the original 1984 movie. The International Cargostar now has a Heil body, instead of the Leach 2F unit.




(March 26, 2016)




    An interesting update to Unsolved Mystery #5 (The Mexican Mark III), and an addition to Refuse Body Database (Frink Canada). Patrick McGee is regional sales manager for Joe Johnson Equipment in Innisfil, Ontario. He commented recently to Classic Refuse Trucks about the truck shown above, an unidentified Colectomatic Mark III copy which appeared in a classified ad in Mexico:

"This body looks like a Frink built packer body and ejector blade, with a Heil Tailgate which were produced under license for the Canadian market from the 1960s onward till the mid-80s. The founder of the company I work for, Joe Johnson, would have worked for Frink at the time. Unfortunately, the only guys that could conclusively confirm that it's a Frink have passed on, but it is strikingly like some I encountered as very elderly packers twenty years ago when I started in garbage truck sales."

    While this truck has not yet been positively identified, it may indeed turn out to be a license-built Frink, or perhaps a different brand that was built in Mexico under a similar arrangement. Any further information about Frink packers will be published here if and when it becomes available.

This stub article has been added to the Frink album and Unsolved Mysteries #5


(February 21, 2016)
    Nothing could be finer than finding a working classic, and Scott Watson discovered an example of my personal favorite, a first generation Gar Wood LP-700 in Colorado. This is a 20-yarder on a '72 Chevy conventional, and the box may be of the same vintage; during 1972-1973, Gar Wood replaced these with the LP-700-9 series, but there would have been a good number of the original 700's still in dealer inventories in any case. Relax and enjoy this superb Gar Wood:


This video has been added to the LP-700 page in the Gar Wood album
See the REFUSE BODY DATABASE for more information


Click here to see a vintage 1968 Chevrolet/LP-700 advertisement


(January 16, 2016)
    Three excellent new pictures have been added, courtesy of Ronnie Keshishian, which I will post here now, as well as adding them to their respective albums.


    The Silencer was the trade name of a quiet-running hydraulic pump developed by Fred Smith for Gar Wood. The decibel levels on an LP-720 are being tested in this 1972 photo. This truck is probably one of the last original-style LP-700s, which were replaced by the LP-700-9 series soon thereafter. Truck is an International Cargostar. I once worked on truck exactly like this, except for the container kick-bar....wishing I had one like it today!


    Next is a Dempster Route King II working for BFI in 1985. From what I observed here in the Washington, DC area, Dempster was indeed "king" when it came to the national accounts. WMI, BFI and AAA Disposal had large fleets of them. BFI of Northern Virginia used the RK-II in 20-yard form on Ford F-850s converted to right-hand stand-up drive.


    This unusual-looking truck is one the earliest ASLs, a Rapid Rail Gruncher. This unit, mounted on a Chevrolet tilt-cab, was one of their first attempts at marketing a complete packer-loader assembly, and was featured in a 1978 advertisement. Rapid Rail's automated lift arm was mated to the Wayne Gruncher, which used a corkscrew compactor much like the Swedish Norba system. Wayne Engineering also sold a rear-load version of the Gruncher.

    Actually, there is no Rapid Rail page at CRT at this time. However, I've created a temporary "under-construction" page for this brand, so that it may be easier to reference.


(January 10, 2016)
    Still working on the Heil album, and in researching their conveyor-loader, I ran across the gem which is featured on the home page, the Automatic Truck Loader. I had been aware of the patents for this truck for some time, and while I suspected it had actually been built, no evidence had ever been found to support the hunch. These pictures definitively prove the existence of at least one example. They were digitized from photographs in the Library of the New York Academy of Medicine, which campaigned to improve public health in the 1920s and 1930s through modernizing the City's sanitation trucks. These photos show one of the earliest mechanized refuse trucks ever built in the United Sates. This truck was also the forefather of the New York City escalator-loader design which would arrive in 1937, and the similarities between the two are striking.




    This is indeed a rare treat, to uncover a refuse body design of such historical significance. Mack Truck fans will also take pride in knowing that it was a Bulldog pulling this pioneering wagon; how little some things change in the refuse industry! I won't go into more detail here, but instead refer you to a short article I have written on what is known of this truck and its inventor, one Joseph Goodman of New York. I believe the casual reader and enthusiast alike will enjoy this rare look at the "missing link" in the story of the escalator/conveyor loader, which was so pivotal in modernizing the way municipalities collected refuse.

The article has been added as an entry to the CRT Refuse Body Database





For previous news items, visit the CRT Archive


© 2016 Eric Voytko
All Rights Reserved

Logos shown are the trademarks of respective manufacturers
Photos from factory brochures/trade advertisements except as noted